Alltech IT Solutions Blog

A Guide to Help You Understand All the Digital Threats You Face

A Guide to Help You Understand All the Digital Threats You Face

Malware is a commonality in today’s computing environment, though businesses do everything in their power to avoid encountering it. Some people have difficulty identifying threats, which makes for a dangerous situation whenever they actually have to handle them. We’ve put together a malware guide that will help your employees identify the most common types of threats out there, as well as how to respond to them.

To get the most out of this guide, print it out and give it to your staff as a handy reference.

Viruses

A computer virus is perhaps the most recognized term for malware. A virus is a malicious piece of code that can replicate and disperse itself without the person who released it getting involved further. This makes it a devastating weapon for hackers that can target organizations of all industries and sizes. Viruses are commonly attached to files or applications that the intended victim will download.

Worms

Worms are another self-replicating threat that have been around longer than viruses. If a system is infected, a worm can cause all sorts of trouble. Additional malware can be transferred into a system, and system memory can be used up to create problems. It’s possible that communications can be cut, too. Email is an effective way of spreading these worms, as all it takes is someone clicking on the wrong email attachment to spread onto a network.

Spyware

Spyware is mostly used by cybercriminals who want to create bigger issues down the road. This malware gives hackers the ability to bypass a system’s security by monitoring the user’s actions, recording credentials, and browsing their behaviors. Keyloggers are one of the most well-known variants of spyware, as they secretly record a user’s keystrokes to steal credentials and other important data. Spyware can also eat up CPU resources to make it even more vulnerable to other threats.

Adware

Adware is a piece of malware that can fool users into clicking on forged advertisements. These ads might redirect users to malicious websites or initiate malicious downloads.

Malvertising

Cybercriminals also like to hide their attacks behind legitimate advertising networks. They can pay for ad space and hide code within the ad, bringing users to a malicious site that can install malware onto the user’s system. These scripts can turn systems into cryptomining puppets or install Trojans and ransomware.

Trojan Horse

Like its namesake, a Trojan Horse threat will hide its malware attack in what seem to be legitimate programs. These are common because they are easy for a novice hacker to pull off, in addition to providing an easy way to execute social engineering attacks. Once the user activates the program, the payload will be delivered, making things even worse.

Ransomware

Ransomware is a threat that is on the rise, as it can target businesses, healthcare organizations, and even municipalities or individual users. Ransomware encrypts data on an infected system, locking the user out and keeping them from accessing important information. The user is then given a message that explains how to unlock their data, which includes paying a ransom using cryptocurrency in exchange for the decryption key. Many victims never get the key, regardless of payment, meaning that in the event you fall victim to ransomware, be sure to contact your IT resource to discuss your options for recovering from this incident.

Logic Bomb

The logic bomb is a digital land mine that lies dormant in your system until a specific event triggers it. A logic bomb can damage a computer, occasionally causing even physical damage to components. Logic bombs can overwork certain pieces of hardware, like hard drives or cooling fans, to cause catastrophic damage.

Backdoor

A backdoor is more of a mechanism that allows for an attack, meaning that a criminal installs a backdoor on your device to make the system vulnerable at a later date. Backdoors are used to keep access to a system long after other vulnerabilities are patched, and they are most effective when users have let their guard down.

Rootkit

A rootkit is what gives hackers the ability to create a backdoor. Hackers can modify systems using software vulnerabilities, leaving ways open in the targeted system.

Botnets

A botnet is a network of infected devices that can execute a task at the whim of a cybercriminal. A botnet can be as large as hundreds of thousands of devices, such as computers, smartphones, and Internet of Things devices. Using the collective power of these bots, a botnet can become a major threat through the use of a distributed denial of service attack.

Fileless Malware

Fileless malware is on the rise, and it’s all thanks to its ability to manipulate the device’s random access memory, or RAM. This malware can then spread using encryption keys and APIs, as well as cause problems by altering user privileges or abusing admin tools.

If you’re ever unsure if your technology is under threat, be sure to reach out to Alltech IT Solutions at 954-628-3770.

Tip of the Week: How to Wind Down with Night Mode
With Deepfakes, Seeing Shouldn’t Be Believing
 

Comments

No comments made yet. Be the first to submit a comment
Already Registered? Login Here
Guest
Saturday, August 24 2019

Captcha Image

Mobile? Grab this Article!

QR-Code dieser Seite

Tag Cloud

Instagram Employer-Employee Relationship Display G Suite Television Movies Apps Healthcare Sales Chrome OS Dongle Hard Drive Privacy Dark Data Knowledge Profitability Telephone Systems Data Backup Excel Wireless Charging VoIp Thank You Benchmarks Authorization Hackers Small Business Information Email VoIP Tablet Automation Security Cameras Shortcut Upgrade Autocorrect HaaS Paperless Office News Information Technology SaaS Batteries Social Media Wireless Voice over Internet Protocol Printers Encryption Remote Control A.I. Word Website Business Intelligence Saving Money Innovation RAM Business Video Windows 7 Comparison Proactive IT Disaster Recovery Virus Emergency Workplace Tips Websites Net Neutrality Unified Threat Management Inventory Tip of the week Taskbar Data Protection Big Data Google Drive Hybrid Cloud Cloud Computing Technology Physical Security Microsoft Teams Staff Maintenance Gmail Managed Service Voice over IP Microsoft Windows 10 Computer Virtualization Backup Printer Server HIPAA Wi-Fi Mobile Devices Internet Explorer Operating System Remote Monitoring and Management Company Culture File Sharing Antivirus Paper Storage Human Resources App Gaming Console Managed IT Electronic Health Records Data Management Telecommuting Cybercrime Access Control Multi-Factor Security e-waste Authentication IT Support Server Management Millennials Communication SSD Microsoft Office 365 Lead Generation Wearables Bring Your Own Device Staffing Facebook Current Events iPhone Networking Business Continuity Laptop WannaCry Cables Patch Management Save Money Spam Blocking Tactics Office Entertainment Blockchain Budget Telephone System Productivity User Tip Synergy Alerts Business Technology Hardware Help Desk Education Business Management Avoiding Downtime Remote Computing E-Commerce Smartphones Gadget Training Machine Learning Paste Biometrics Risk Management Downloads Wireless Internet Workers Mobile Device Freedom of Information Employees Backup and Disaster Recovery Business Computing Credit Cards Remote Support Alert Printer Network Users Financial IT budget Webcam Vulnerability Office 365 Document Management Automobile Managed IT Services GDPR Email Management Hosted Solutions How To National Security Travel Trends Health Conferencing Analytics Worker Windows Marketing Processor Botnet Phone System Quick Tips Hard Drives Error Passwords Ink disposal Settings Ransomware Chrome Telecommute Smartphone Specifications Windows Server 2008 R2 Eliminating Downtime Managed IT Services Router Scheduling Database Twitter Data Recovery Microsoft Office Safety Cortana Apple Spotify IT Support Cryptocurrency BYOD Gadgets Network Security instant Messaging Internet of Things Applications Tech Support Best Practices Online Shopping Unified Communications Going Green Outlook Technology Tips Data loss PowerPoint Solid State Drive Dark Web Customer Service HP Printing Medical IT Remote Monitoring Recycling Analysis Vulnerabilities Leadership Compliance Vendor Management Yahoo Battery Spam Computer Care Data Breach Touchscreen Streaming Media Managing Stress Hiring/Firing Spyware Data Content Filtering Threat Money Cybersecurity Hacker Phishing Tech Terms WhatsApp Digital The Internet of Things Tech Term Scam Mobility Access Retail Internet Time Management Google Maps Smart Technology Hosted Solution BDR eCommerce Employee-Employer Relationship IaaS Licensing Two-factor Authentication Payment Environment Cloud Security Network Attached Storage Google Tip of the Week IT Management Mobile Device Management Outsourced IT Troubleshooting Windows 10 Sports Video Games Cost Management Productivity Plug-In Recovery OneNote CrashOverride Copy Update Telephony Software Processors Congratulations Employer Employee Relationship Windows XP Hard Disk Drive eWaste Amazon Search Miscellaneous Samsung Connectivity Data Security User Tips Android Cabling Value Artificial Intelligence Password Virtual Assistant Managed Service Provider Collaboration Bandwidth Government Scalability Holiday Politics Computers Reporting IT Services User Security VPN Files Communications WiFi Malware Regulation Mobile Security Updates Hacking Server Efficiency Work/Life Balance Live Streaming DDoS Browser Emoji Cleaning Law Enforcement Managed IT Service Certification Office Tips Edge Personal Information